About Immigration Department

The history of Immigration Services in Tanzania is a three- fold account, dating back from the pre-independence period, the post independence period and the period after the union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar in 1964.

PRE-INDEPENDENCE

Immigration services

During this era, Immigration services were rendered for the interest of colonial masters. Some of the laws were not applicable to Africans. Under German domination, Tanganyika had no coded laws to regulate Immigration issues. It was in 1924 during the British era, when various pieces of legislations were enacted to regulate matters pertaining to Immigration. The first Immigration legislation was known as Immigration Ordinance (cap 37) of 1924. This Ordinance was replaced by (The Emergency Laws Transitional Provisions) Ordinance of 1946.

The Emergency Laws Transitional Provisions Ordinance 1946 was repealed and replaced by the Immigration Control Ordinance, 1948. This law had some changes inter-alia, the exclusion of the Somali from African race. In all legislations and their subsequent amendments, powers to appoint the head of the department were vested in the Governor, who was the head of the Tanganyika Territory, representing the British Monarchy. The Immigration Control Ordinance of 1948 was later replaced by the Immigration ordinance 1958, the same being replaced by the Immigration (Exemption and Amendment) and Alien's Ordinance 1961. Citizenship matters were governed by the British Nationality Act 1948, which regulated Citizenship in British colonies.

POST - INDEPENDENCE

Immigration services

After the attainment of independence, Tanganyika adopted the existing British laws and regulations. Immigration services were determined by the Immigration Ordinance 1961. In 1963, the Parliament of Tanganyika enacted the Immigration Act No. 41 of 1963. This was made to regulate immigration matters within an independent Tanganyika and remained in force until its repeal and replacement by the 1972 legislation.

Citizenship

After independence, Citizenship issues were regulated under the Citizenship Act No.3 1961. Unlike the mainland, Zanzibar used The Zanzibar Nationality Decree of 1952. These laws were amended in 1964 to accommodate citizenship issues in the newly born United Republic of Tanzania.

AFTER THE UNION

After the Zanzibar Revolution in 1964 and the unification of these two sister countries, Tanganyika and Zanzibar, issues of Citizenship were partly unified by amending.

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